Part 2 of our 6 part series!
Of special interest:
"Sometime during the 1st century C.E. Titus Flavius Josephus, a historian born in Jerusalem to the Jewish priest Matthias and a noblewoman descendant of the Hasmonean Dynasty, began examining the stones of the priestly breastplate. Josephus is credited with being the first to draw a connection between the twelve stones of the priestly breastplate, the twelve months of the year, and the twelve signs of the Greco-Roman zodiac. Josephus is said to have provided two different lists of what the twelve stones were. This may have been because he was met with the same difficulty faced today in understanding the Hebrew and Greek versions (the Masoretic text and the Septuagint, respectively) of what was already a one thousand year old account of the first temple era breastplate taken from the book of Exodus (28:15-30), or because he had dealt with some confusion after comparing the account from Exodus to the priestly breastplate of the second temple era that would have existed during Josephus’ time. "